Thursday, September 17, 2009

Pho - Very Popular Beef & Rice Noodle Soup From Vietnam

Pho is very popular really, many ones said that talking about Vietnam was talking about Pho. Most of Vietnamese and foreigners love Pho in the first taste, that's why most of Pho restaurants usually have many customers though its price is not really cheap.

How to cook Pho ? Okay, let's cook it with Mai Pham !

This beloved noodle soup is a complete meal in itself and is best served for breakfast or lunch on a weekend. Because the simmering takes at least two hours, I like to prepare the broth a day ahead of time and keep it in the refrigerator, where it will last for three days. Many cookbooks call for it to be made with oxtail bones, but I prefer marrow bones and beef chuck, which is what Pho cooks in Vietnam use. A good Pho broth needs to be clear, not muddy and dark, certainly fragrant of beef, anise and ginger.

You can serve this soup with several toppings, but the easiest ones to prepare at home are cooked and raw beef.

To use broth that has been made in advance, bring it to a boil, then add fresh ginger to refresh it. Come serving time, get friends or family to help cook the noodles and assemble the bowls. Make sure that the broth is boiling hot and the bowls preheated. Allow about 1 part noodles to 3 parts broth for each bowl.


* 5 pounds beef marrow or knuckle bones
* 2 pounds beef chuck, cut into 2 pieces
* 2 (3 inch) pieces ginger, cut in half lengthwise and lightly bruised with the flat side of a knife, lightly charred
* 2 yellow onions, peeled and charred
* 1/4 cup fish sauce
* 3 ounces rock sugar, or 3 tablespoons sugar
* 10 whole star anise, lightly toasted in a dry pan
* 6 whole cloves, lightly toasted in a dry pan
* 1 tablespoon sea salt

Noodle Assembly:
* 1 pound dried 1/16 inch wide rice sticks, soaked, cooked and drained (see Tips, below)
* 1/3 pound beef sirloin, slightly frozen, then sliced paper-thin across the grain

* 1/2 yellow onion, sliced paper-thin
* 3 scallions, cut into thin rings
* 1/3 cup chopped cilantro
* 1 pound bean sprouts
* 10 sprigs Asian basil
* 1 dozen saw-leaf herb leaves (optional)
* 1 serrano chili, cut into thin rings
* 1 lime, cut into 6 thin wedges
* Freshly ground black pepper


1. In a large stockpot, bring 6 quarts water to a boil. Place the bones and beef chuck in a second pot and add water to cover. Bring to a boil and boil vigorously for 5 minutes. Using tongs, carefully transfer the bones and beef to the first pot of boiling water. Discard the water in which the meat cooked. (This cleans the bones and meat and reduces the impurities that can cloud the broth.) When the water returns to a boil, reduce the heat to a simmer. Skim the surface often to remove any foam and fat. Add the charred ginger and onions, fish sauce and sugar. Simmer until the beef chuck is tender, about 40 minutes. Remove one piece and submerge in cool water for 10 minutes to prevent the meat from darkening and drying out. Drain, then cut into thin slices and set aside. Let the other piece of beef chuck continue to cook in the simmering broth.

2. When the broth has been simmering for about 1 1/2 hours total, wrap the star anise and cloves in a spice bag (or piece of cheesecloth) and add to the broth. Let infuse until the broth is fragrant, about 30 minutes. Remove and discard both the spice bag and onions. Add the salt and continue to simmer, skimming as necessary, until you're ready to assemble the dish. The broth needs to cook for at least 2 hours. (The broth will taste salty but will be balanced once the noodles and accompaniments are added.) Leave the remaining chuck and bones to simmer in the pot while you assemble the bowls.

3. To serve, place the cooked noodles in preheated bowls. (If the noodles are not hot, reheat them in a microwave or dip them briefly in boiling water to prevent them from cooling down the soup.) Place a few slices of the beef chuck and the raw sirloin on the noodles. Bring the broth to a rolling boil; ladle about 2 to 3 cups into each bowl. The broth will cook the raw beef instantly. Garnish with yellow onions, scallions and cilantro. Serve immediately, inviting guests to garnish the bowls with bean sprouts, herbs, chilies, lime juice and black pepper.

How to Char Ginger and Onions:
To char ginger, hold the piece with tongs directly over an open flame or place it directly on a medium-hot electric burner. While turning, char until the edges are slightly blackened and the ginger is fragrant, about 3 to 4 minutes. Char the onions in the same way. Peel and discard the blackened skins of the ginger and onions, then rinse and add to the broth.

Chef Mai Pham shares her tips:

• Rice sticks are translucent, linguini-shaped dried noodles sold in Asian markets. For Pho, buy the small, 1/16 inch wide variety. To prepare them, first soak them in cold water for 30 minutes and drain. Then bring a large pot of water to a rolling boil. When you're ready to serve (not before), place the noodles, one portion at a time, into a sieve and lower it into the boiling water. Using chopsticks or a long spoon, stir so the noodles untangle and cook evenly. Blanch just until they're soft but still chewy, about 10 to 20 seconds. Drain completely, then transfer to a preheated bowl. Cook the remaining noodles the same way. If you're cooking for several people, you may also cook the noodles all at once by adding them directly to the pot of boiling water. Just make sure to serve them immediately.

• The Vietnamese believe that "a meat dish should taste like a meat dish," says Pham. Cooking the meat with vegetables would distort its flavor, so all veggies (except for aromatics like ginger and onion) are added after cooking. Since Vietnamese food is so simply prepared, using the freshest, highest-quality ingredients is essential. Pham recommends seeking out organic, antibiotic-free meat and purchasing it on the same day you plan to use it to ensure freshness.

• Fish sauce, a pungent, salty liquid made from fermented anchovies, adds depth and flavor to numerous Vietnamese dishes. For best results, choose bottles priced at $3 to $4 rather than $1, and pass on jars that are dark, which indicates oxidation or the presence of additives. "Look for fish sauce in glass jars. Avoid plastic," says Pham. "The fish sauce should have a nice, even color, like iced tea." She suggests Three Crabs, Lobster Boy, and Phu Quoc brands. When cooking with fish sauce, always add it to other liquids: Never place it directly in a hot, dry pan, which would broadcast its pungent, fishy odor throughout your kitchen in a less than pleasant way. Soy sauce is an acceptable vegetarian substitute, though it does lack fish sauce's smoky complexity.

• When prepping ingredients for Vietnamese cooking, Pham recommends cutting everything into small, even sizes, which cook more quickly and evenly. A mandoline makes quick work of the paper-thin slices of onions that top this soup.

• Asian basil, also called holy basil, has a delicate anise flavor. Regular (sweet) basil does not make a good substitute, as it's too strong. "Use mint instead," says Pham. Saw-leaf herb has a floral, cilantro-like flavor and three to four inch long, dark-green leaves with serrated edges. Cilantro or Asian basil make good substitutes. Both herbs can be found in the produce section of Asian grocery stores or in farmers' markets.

• Pham suggests substituting fresh red serrano chiles, which are hotter and sweeter than their green counterparts.


  1. Thanks for visiting my blog ;) I don't know if there's Pho in Malaysia ^^

  2. I don't eat beef so if I were to substitute all the beef meat and marrows and replaced them with chicken meat and carcass, would I get Chicken Pho? I tried once a Chicken Pho recipe and it didn't taste right.

  3. Rose Belle, I never eat Chicken Pho and I guess it's not so good as Beef Pho :) I think Pho becomes popular food because of Beef, not Chicken. The pity is that you don't eat Beef :|

  4. I don't eat beef so if I were to substitute all the beef meat and marrows and replaced them with coat meat and carcass

  5. :) I don't think it will be called Pho :D

  6. This comment has been removed by the author.

  7. Oh oh,i luv Pho but i cant cook it ^^~.uhm,i'll try when i have free time (ha ha it make me upgrade cooking level :D )

  8. WOW!! look very good

  9. I love pho!!! It looks kind of hard to make!!!

  10. Elaine, I haven't tried to cook it, and it seems kind of hard to cook :D

  11. Its look likes good delicious food.

  12. Sure, Julong. That's a very good food for good health, you can eat as much as you like without fat. That's an important reason why it becomes most popular foreign food in USA.

  13. Yum... yum... reading this one make me sooooo hungry for a bowl of Phở Tái Gân... hi... hi...

  14. Affections, thanks for visiting my blog :)


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